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Friday, January 20, 2017

Interesting facts about Armenia and armenians

Where and when the court acquitted the man who had committed murder in the eyes of many witnesses? 
In 1921 in Berlin born in Turkey Soghomon Tehlirian in the eyes of many witnesses shot the man and immediately surrendered to the police. His victim was the former Minister of internal Affairs of the Ottoman Empire, Talaat Pasha, known as one of the organizers of the Armenian genocide. Given this, the court acquitted Tehlirian's recognizing his actions committed in the heat of passion, and freed the killer from custody. 

What kind of fruit known to Europeans as the Armenian apples? 
Many fruits are called by their place of origin or the countries from which we came. For example, dates from Phoenicia, peaches from Persia. But apricots in Europe for a long time called Armenian
apples or plums Armenian, as they spread there because of Armenia

Some Armenians returned from exile in Siberia with Churchill? 
Winston Churchill was very fond of Armenian cognac and daily drank a bottle of 50-degree cognac "Dvin". Once the Prime found that "Dvin" had lost its former flavour. He expressed his
dissatisfaction to Stalin. It turned out that the master Margar Setrakian, who was involved in a blend of "Dvina" and exiled to Siberia. He returned and was restored in the party. Churchill became again to his favourite cognac and Sedrakyan was subsequently awarded the title of Hero of Socialist Labor.
 Where is mount Ararat? 

Mount Ararat, which is Armenia's symbol and is depicted on the emblem of the country, located not in Armenia. The territory of the mountains was ceded to Turkey in 1921.
 What village is the birthplace of two marshals and twelve generals? 
Located in the village of chardakhly, Azerbaijan — birthplace of two marshals, twelve generals and the seven Heroes of the Soviet Union.

Asthe first country the first country to adopt Christianity as a state religion? 
The first country to adopt Christianity as a state religion was Armenia.
 The first of the Yerevan hydroelectric power plantwas built in 1926 - after 6 years after Armenia became part of the USSR. After completion, she immediately began to act. Hydroelectric power plant built on the left Bank of the Hrazdan river. The author of the project of the famous architect A. Tamanyan.

The first tram in Yerevan began in 1933 She began with Ordzhonikidze street, passing through the streets of the red Army, Marx, and the Hoktember and reached Tohmo Gela. (Streets listed under the names of the time). The route back passed through the same streets.
 The first news Agency in Yerevan was opened on 17 January 2002, Its founders are Mkhitar Khachatryan, Malik and Herbert Baghdasarian, who are sons of the first photojournalist Nemrut Baghdasaryan.

The world's first textbook of arithmetic problemswas written by an Armenian scholar, mathematician of the VI century by David the Invincible. An instance of this problem book is stored in the Yerevan Matenadaran (repository of ancient manuscripts).
 The first UNIVERSITY of Armenia
Firstborn of higher educational institutions of Armenia is Yerevan state University (YSU), founded on 23 Jan 1921. Originally, the University had 2 faculties – Humanities and natural Sciences. Today YSU trains specialists for all branches of science and technology.

The "high" mountain in the world
mount Ararat is the highest mountain in the world by relative altitude: distance from bottom to top is equal to 4365м. Its absolute height (above sea level) is 5165m. While the relative height of the highest mountain in the world mount Everest, or Chomolungma, as it is called Everest, the Nepalese - about 3.3 km And its absolute height is 8848 meters.

The biggest Armenia
the Most powerful in its history, Armenia was in the first century BC during the reign of king Tigran II the great (95-55g.g.). The power of Tigran II covered a large part of Western Asia from the Mediterranean to the Caspian sea and the Kura river to Mesopotamia. In the 80-ies of the new capital of greater Armenia was founded in the Armenian region Oznic overlooking one of the tributaries of the upper tributary of the Tiger city of Tigranakert, so named by the name "king of kings”.

Largest gallery
Established in 1921. a special decree of the government of the State picture gallery of Armenia is the biggest in the country. It is more than 17 thousand works of painting, sculpture, graphics and decorative-applied art. The collection is divided into three large parts: Western European, Russian and Armenian sections. Initially, the Museum has joined the collection of the Moscow Lazarev Institute of Oriental and Echmiadzin stacks. But the majority gave major museums of Moscow and Leningrad. In particular, the number of first-class works of Western European and Russian art were transferred to the State Hermitage Museum.

The biggest square in Yerevan is the Republic Square (former Lenin square). It has no specific date of buildings, and in official documents the construction of the designated period from 1926 to 1977-th. the Project area oval, surrounded by buildings of architectural value. The shape and size of the Area of the Republic is reminiscent of St. Peter's square at the Vatican. On the project at various times worked for the architect A. Tamanyan, S. Safarian, M. Grigoryan, G. Tamanyan, V. Arevshatyan, E. Sarapyan, L. Vardanov, N. Paremuzov and the sculptor S. Merkurov. In 1970, the area was awarded the state prize of the Armenian SSR.SSR.

 The longest street of Yerevan
At all times the longest street in Yerevan was Ordzhonikidze Avenue. After Armenia's independence, the street was renamed in Arshakunyats Avenue. It starts with the Yerevan State Circus comes to the village center district. The street length is about 7 km away.

The shortest street in Yerevan is the street Melik Adamyan. Its length does not exceed 150 metres. Street Melik Adamyan is located near the Republic square.
 The smallest sculpture, characterizing Yerevan, which was always on the square, called "the Cold water of Yerevan", or "the Boy who sells water." It was installed in 1970, sculptor N. Bejarano and architect M. Contignano. The size of the sculpture to the physique 12-14 year old boys. Now, as always, it is at the entrance to Komagi.

 The large family in Yerevan, lives in South-West district, on the street Babajanyan, 163, in the 2nd and 4th apartments. The father of the family is Mamikon Ghazaryan , and mother - Antaram Kirakosyan. They fed and raised 17 children, of whom the eldest was born in 1975 and the youngest in 1994. Children largest families are: Anna (1975), David (1976), Sarah (1977), Rebecca (1977), Christine (1978) Hovsep (1979), Yisrael (1980), Mariam (1982), Leah (1983), Abel (1985), Samvel (1986), Gayane (1987), Hripsime (1988), Daniel (1990), Akob (1991) Abraham (1992), Eva (1994). Sarah and Rebecca were born on the same day - they are twins.

The first Waldorf school
In 1919, in Germany, in Stuttgart at the tobacco factory "Waldorf – Astoria" was opened a small school for the children of workers. It embodied his educational system, the Austrian philosopher, founder of anthroposophy Rudolf Steiner. Since then, Waldorf pedagogy has won the hearts of thousands of teachers, parents and children all over the world. Since then does not stop the controversy around this system. Now Waldorf schools and kindergartens all around the world. There are in Russia.
And the first Waldorf school in the former Soviet Union appeared in Armenia in Yerevan in 1992, on the basis of school №29.

The first radio broadcast
First broadcast from the Studio known for the numerous anecdotes in Yerevan House of radio ("Armenian radio") was held on 7 may 1927. Now here, in a beautiful building made of white felsite tuff, is the Public radio of Armenia, where there are broadcasts in many languages.
A 312-metre TV tower on Nork plateau at relative altitude, including the height of the hill, at 27 metres exceeds the height of the Ostankino TV tower in Moscow.

The old pharmacy was in Yerevan on the street "pharmacy". That's why the street got it name. The old pharmacy is no longer working, but the street continues to be called "pharmacy".
 The tallest building
the tallest building in Yerevan was the Palace of Youth. It was a 20-storey building, 16 floors of which were hotel. His academics are architects Arthur Tarkhanyan, Spartak Khachikyan and Hrachik Poghosyan. The complex of the Palace of Youth was privatized in January 2004, and at the end of 2005. dismantled. The tallest building is the television tower. It was built in 1978 and reaches 308 meters. The tallest Church in Yerevan the Church of Gregory the illuminator that reaches 65 meters in height. It was built in 2001 by the Way, it is the tallest Armenian Church in the world.

The long swim through the Sevan
Diver rescue from Yalta Igor Nersesyan today is the only person in the world who managed in 16 hours to swim across a Large lake Sevan, overcoming the distance of 45 km at a water temperature of 12-14 degrees Celsius. Happened this momentous event 10 June 1990. This historic achievement was registered in the Guinness Book of records.
During the voyage 36-year-old I. Nersesyan made more than 45 thousand strokes with the hands, swimming mostly freestyle, sometimes turning to brass, and drank two liters of orange juice. As he said after exiting the water the champion, he felt average fatigue and could swim the same distance in the opposite direction. "Record for me is not an end in itself, I just wanted to draw public attention to the problems of lakes”, - told reporters the swimmer.
Started Nersesyan from Vardenis in 2 hours and 45 minutes and intended to cross the whole lake Sevan, finishing on the Peninsula. However, strong wind and oncoming waves did not allow him to do so: for the last five hours of swimming, he overcame just two kilometers away. Therefore, the organizers of the race decided to stop it.

The oldest cemetery of Yerevan amounts to the middle ages and is called "Kozern". It is located near metro Baghramyan Park "Lovers" (or Pushkin). There was buried a priest named Kozern, whence arose the name of the cemetery. During the construction of the city cemetery disappeared. To the Soviet authorities for a long time the city Pantheon and the Park of Komitas was the municipal cemetery. And the biggest cemetery of its territory is Chochmah.

The biggest concert halls in Yerevan to participate in the CCM them. K. Demirchyan. The project author is architect Henry Tarkhanyan. The CCM commissioned in 1983, Concert hall up to 2400 spectators, and the great hall - about 5700. Both rooms differ in their rotary stands, which gives the opportunity only 15 minutes to add up to 1,000 seats in the hall.

 The biggest and the youngest cinema in Yerevan is the cinema "Ayrarat", which is known under the name "Russia". It is provided for 3,000 visitors. This quantity is ensured by large, medium and small halls. He was commissioned in 1975. Now cinema is not valid. There is a fair. Previously, it was attended by 2500 spectators per day.

The largest meteorite
in the fall, entering the earth's atmosphere, meteors are burned and usually do not reach to the ground. But there have been cases, when they finally reached the earth's surface. The largest meteorite in Yerevan is the Armenian State Geological Museum. It is similar to metal alloy, with a rough surface, sized officer's hat. Surprised by the inconsistency of its weight. The meteorite weighs 37.5 kg.

The biggest bridge
Big Hrazdan ("Kiev") bridge in Yerevan, one of the largest in Europe, was built in 1954. The authors of this unique structure are doctor of technical Sciences V. Panajyan, S. Hovnanian, I. Slavinsky and architect Aghababyan. The span of bridge is 100m, length – 354м, height – 68, width – 25m. In the year 2006. the city authorities have carried out major reconstruction of the bridge.

The largest monument
is the largest monument of Yerevan is "Mother Armenia", located in the Park "Victory". The height of the monument, which is a woman with a sword in hand, 22 m, and with the pedestal it reaches 56 m. Earlier on a 34-meter pedestal, stood the statue of Stalin. It was filmed in 1962, and in 1967 took his place "Mother Armenia", which was designed by architect Ara Harutyunyan. A great architectural value also represents the pedestal, which houses a Museum dedicated to the history of the great Patriotic War. The author of the building is a honored architect of the USSR Rafael Israelyan.

The biggest stadium
the biggest stadium in Yerevan is the Central stadium "Hrazdan". It was built in the Hrazdan gorge in 1971 and can accommodate around 70,000 spectators. The stadium has four stands and one of the Western tier. The stadium, built under the project of architects K. Akopian, G. Musheghyan and designer A. Tosunyan, in 1979 was awarded the state prize of the USSR.

 The highest monument is
the height of the monument "Mother Armenia" is equal to 56 meters, of which 34m – tall monumental tower of a pedestal of dark gray tuff Yerevan, and 22m is the figure of the woman who put the sword in its sheath. The author of the sculpture installed in 1967, is A. Harutyunyan. The monument is visible from all parts of the city and perfectly readable against the sky a clear, expressive contour. The figure of "Mother Armenia" symbolizes the greatness and power of the revived Armenian lands. Lying at the feet of the figure, the shield, the strict folds of her robes, the stylized form of the hand – everything is subordinated to ansellia the decision of the monument.

The most popular building stone
The most popular building stone in Armenia is tuff stone of volcanic origin. It's easily processed, lightweight, porous, has more than forty gradations from black to white. But the most practical is pink, so call Yerevan, the "pink city". The tufa is practically inexhaustible. On the physico-mechanical properties, strength and frost resistance as we know from surviving monuments of ancient Armenian architecture, built of tufa. It is easily processed both manually and by machines. Tuff is a good insulator and a thermal insulator.

The oldest UNIVERSITY in Yerevan, as Armenia is the Yerevan State University. It was founded during the first Armenian state in 1919 but as the University worked after the approval of the Soviet government. The first rector of the University was the eminent Professor Gambarov Yuri Stepanovich. He was in this position from July 1919 to November 1920

 The oldest cinema
of the "Nairi" Cinema is the oldest in Yerevan. From 1920 to 1950, the first year he was on Amiryan street, where now is located the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Armenia. The cinema was also a summer room. Here was shown the first Armenian film "the Dawn". In 1952, after the construction of a new building on the crossroad of Mashtots Avenue and Isahakyan street, he moved there, where he remains to this day.

The old market
The old market in Yerevan was there, where now stands a monument to the revolutionary S. Shaumyan, the head of the 26 Baku Commissars. There was also a Russian Orthodox Church. In 30-ies in order to begin new construction, the Church and the old market (or, as they said the residents of Yerevan –"Old Gantar"), was destroyed.

 Oldest photo Studio
Photography Studio "therefore, an official" in Abovyan, 12, was opened in 1930-the year and is the oldest in Yerevan. It was founded by photographer Gabriel Hanohano (real name Aleksanyan), who immigrated to Yerevan from van. Until 1930 in Yerevan were photographers who worked in the parks and called the "surprisngly". FOTOSALON "therefore, an official "from the founder has passed to the son of his sister Onik Harutiunian, and is now in the possession of his son Armenak Harutyunyan (he is also known under the name khanoyan from).

The heavy statue
, the weight of the monument to the hero of the Armenian heroic epic of David of Sasun, established in 1959. on the station square of Yerevan and is one of the symbols of the Armenian capital, equal to 3.5 T. the Author of this remarkable monument is a famous sculptor, people's artist of the USSR Ervand Kochar. The hero of the national epic is depicted on a rearing horse fabulous Jalali in that moment, when his sword strikes the enemy. Especially noticeable rapid movement from the side when the majestic silhouette looming against the sky. The figure of David on a horse made of hammered copper stands on the pedestal of the huge basalt boulders. The sculpture, which rests on three points of support – 12.5 m. In 2007. the epic "David of Sasun" will be 1068 years.
"Conscious death is immortality"
These words urged his warriors on a sacred battle with the Persians near the village of Avarayr Sparapet (commander) of the Armenian army Vardan Mamikonyan. In the V century under the rule of Sassanid Persia in East Armenia, a rebellion broke out against the intention of the Persians to eradicate Christianity in Armenia and to assimilate the Armenian people. May 26, 451, the river Knot 66-strong Armenian army took the fight at 90 thousand-strong army of Persians. Formidable force of the enemy was represented, and 13 elephants. Early morning Armenians crossed the river and rushed on the enemy. This is historical for our nation the battle of fallen 1036 Armenian soldier, including myself Vardan Mamikonyan. They were all canonized by the Armenian Church canonized. The enemy lost three times more than 3500 people. After the battle of Avarayr to the Persians never tried to change the religion of the Armenians.

A characteristic feature of Armenian cuisine is the use of large amounts of salt. Experts attribute this to climatic conditions (total consumption of salt in human body in hot weather is much higher than in temperate climates).
 The capital of Armenia Yerevan city - one of the oldest cities on the planet. It was founded in 782 BC the king of Urartu Argishti I. For comparison, Rome the younger of Yerevan is 29 years.

Armenians live in Armenia two and a half times less than outside it. If the population of the country is 3 million people, representatives of the Armenian Diaspora worldwide, more than seven million. The most numerous Armenian Diaspora over 2,500,000 people live in the Russian Federation. The main reason for the separation of Armenians around the world believe the genocide of the Armenians in the late XIX – early XX centuries.

The date 24 April 1915 holds a special place in history as the Armenian genocide. On this day in Constantinople began mass arrests of the Armenian intellectual, religious, economic and political elite that led to the complete destruction of the whole galaxy of the most prominent Armenian figures, and subsequently a significant part of the Armenian people. Therefore, scattered throughout the world today Armenians celebrate 24th April as the day of remembrance of genocide victims. In Armenia on this day, tens of thousands of people climb to the genocide Memorial on Tsitsernakaberd hill in Yerevan and in all countries the Armenian Church, conducted the funeral service.

 A living symbol of Armenia is the apricot.
The fruit was derived the Armenian farmers before our era, and then imported by merchants in Rome, and then spread to Europe. From the apricot tree doing the most beloved and famous Armenian musical instrument DUDUK has become in recent years one of the fashion East among the well-known Western musicians. It is also noteworthy that the orange on the flag of Kyrgyzstan symbolizes just the apricot.

 Armenian cognac - the only one in the world for its quality received the privilege from the French to be named as cognac, not brandy, but in Armenia vodka is consumed several times more than the famous grape drink, and brandy often acts as a gift. With regard to statistics, Armenia is one of the last places in Europe in the number of alcoholics per capita.
 Infrequently from a low-key British broadcasting Corporation BBC we hear loud statements, but not long ago, the air force called the Armenians are the most intelligent nation on the planet. One reason for this was the fact that two of the last three chess Olympiads Armenia won, and one of the strongest players in chess history, Garry Kasparov is half Armenian. It is noteworthy that the country itself is engaged in chess, even more people than the most famous game in the world - football.

The monastic complex of Tatev was included in the list of protected heritage by UNESCO, is an architectural masterpiece of the 10th century and is often called a monastery built on the edge of the abyss. 16 Oct 2010 open the longest ropeway in the world, called "Wings of Tatev", a length of 5.7 km, passing through Vorotan gorge to the monastery. In my opinion, this is the most beautiful monastery of Armenia.

 In 2006, Armenia's national team on hockeybecame the weakest in the IIHF ranking, which is based on the last 45. It happened after the defeat of the team of Mexico with the score 0:48, when Latinos have applied to the gate of the Armenians 121 throw. To be honest, it's a complete revelation for me and the most interesting fact, as I have never realized that in Armenia, someone who plays hockey.

 In Byzantium there were twenty emperors of the Armenians:
1. Morik, Oshakati (Mauritius) - 582-602.
2. Vardan Pilik - 711-713.
3. Artavazd is 742-743.
4. Levon (Leo V) Artsruni - 813-830.
5. The Arshakuni Barsegh (Basil I, founder of the Armenian Macedonian dynasty) - 867-886.
6. Levon Arshakuni (Leo VI philosopher) - 886-912.
7. Alexander 912-913.
8. Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus - 913-959.
9. Romanos, Wastaken (Roman I) 919-949. (co-ruler with Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus).
10. Romanos II, 959-963.
11. Nicephorus II Phocas (Great) - 963-969.
12. Hovhannes Chimeric (John Tzimisces) is 969-976.
13. Basil II the Bulgar-Slayer - 976-1025.
14. Constantine VIII 1025-1028.
15. Roman III 1028-1034.
16. Michael Paphlagon (Michael IV), 1034-1041.
17. Michael Kalapat (Michael V) 1041-1042.
18. Constantine IX Monomakh - 1042-1054.
19. Theodore II (Theodore II) - the Empress - 1054-1056.
20. Mikael Stratiotes (Michael VI) - 1056-1057

Linguists call the Armenian alphabet one of the most perfect in the world (along with Georgian and Korean). Napomnim that sozdatelem Georgian alphabet, as the Albanian (Aghvan), is also Mesrop Mashtots, an Armenian scientist-monk who created the Armenian alphabet.
 The Armenian language is the only language in the world, in which the name of the Bible has a direct literal relationship to God. The Bible in the Armenian sounds "Astvatsasin", which literally translates as "God's Breath".

Kiev was founded by the Armenian Prince Smbat Bagratuni in 585 and was originally called by his name - SMBIOS.
 The creators of the Slavic alphabet Cyril(Constantine) and Methodius, sons of Levon (the Byzantine Emperor Leo V "the Armenian"), the disciples of John Karahan in the University of Magnaura, also created an alphabet of 36 letters in the Armenian alphabet Mesrop Mashtots, but not of 24 letters as in Greek alphabet.


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