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Sunday, January 8, 2017

Armenian regions

The territory of Armenia is divided into ten regions and Yerevan city, managed in accordance with the law "On local self-government in Yerevan". In the RA regions relations in the sphere of state administration are regulated by the RA President's decree "On public administration in the Marzes of the Republic of Armenia" and other legal acts.
Governors (governors - governors) implement the territorial policy of the Government, coordinate the activities of the territorial services of Executive bodies, except for the cases provided by law.
Governors within the authority granted to them by law, exercise in areas of territorial policy of the Government in the following areas: Finance, urban development, housing and utilities, transport and road construction, agriculture and land use, education, health, social welfare, culture and sports, protection of nature and environment, trade, public catering and service. Territorial policy in these
areas the governors is carried out through offices of regional administrations (Marzpetarans) and organizations of regional subordination.
Governors coordinate activities of territorial services of the internal Affairs and national security, defence, communications, energy, emergency situations and civil defence, the tax authorities and the regional services of Republican Executive bodies in other areas. The governors are appointed and dismissed by the Government. These regulations shall be certified by the President of the Republic. The Governor is a discretionary one.
The governors accountable to the Government and accountable to it.
Marz of Shirak covers the Northwest of Armenia and borders on two neighbors of Armenia – Georgia and Turkey. In comparison with other Marzes territory Chirac few and raised the height of some points reaches 1800-2200 m. Therefore the climate in the region is quite cool, if not cold. In winter the temperature can descend to -46S. But despite this, Chirac is very bright and clear. In natural landscapes are dominated by mountain steppes and Alpine meadows. The only major river of Shirak is Akhuryan, which is the border with Turkey and originates from lake Arpi. On the Akhuryan river, was built the largest in Armenia is Akhuryan reservoir. Mountains, rivers, lakes, and lava massifs, green plains, clean and healthy mountain air – all this gives the atmosphere of the Shirak Marz, which is, unfortunately, little known to tourists. Although the region is famous for its ancient history and rich not only in natural beauties but also historical monuments.
Shirak Marz inherited its name from Shirak Gavar of Airarat Kingdom. On the territory of the Marz to meet Urartian cuneiform, ruins of FORTS and castles, traces of bridges and other antiquities. On the other side of the state border in the territory of Turkey, just a few miles one can see the ruins of Ani – capital of Armenia of the Bagratuni times. On the left Bank of the Akhuryan river is the monastery complex of Marmarashen (988-1025)..
Marz (region) Tavush is located in the West of the country, surrounded by mountains. The name of the district means "a foot of Aragats", the highest mountain in Armenia (4090 m), located in the region.
In the West the territory of Aragatsotn province bordering Turkey.
These places are extremely picturesque. On three sides of the region surrounded by the mountain ranges between them lies the green valley through which run several rivers. The most important of them — the Kasa and its tributaries Gegharot and Amberd. The largest lake of the region — Kari (translated as "Stone lake"), it is located near mount Aragats.
The relief diversity determines the diversity of climatic conditions in the region. In lowland areas in the summer heat lasts until October, and on the summit of the mountain never melting snow. The mountain slopes are covered with deciduous forests (among species dominated by oak), and above they are replaced by Alpine meadows.
Already in prehistoric times in the territory of Aragatsotn were first settled. The fertile land and mild climate of the valley of the river banks have attracted the tribes of hunters and farmers. Finds discovered here by archeologists date back to the stone and bronze ages.
Mention of this area can be found in the annals of great Armenia: during the existence of this state there was a settlement of Vardkesavan, in the reign of Vagharshak I (117-140). it was renamed Ejmiatsin became the capital of greater Armenia.
The city of Vagharshapat, where is the mother see of Echmiadzin monastery belongs administratively to the Armavir Marz.
In the middle Ages the Northern lands of modern Aragatsotn was called Amberd, in the IX-XI centuries the territory was in the possession of the Principality of Pahlavuni. In the XIV century the lands of the area were the troops of Tamerlane, leaving behind destroyed villages.
In the early sixteenth century, the region became a part of Safavid Iran, and in 1639 he moved to Yerevan khanate. In 1828, together with other lands of Eastern Armenia Syunik became part of the Russian Empire.
On the territory of the region preserved many memorials of the middle Ages, as surviving completely or half destroyed. Among them — the citadel of Amberd monastery complexes of Saghmosavank and ohanavanq.
Near the center of the region, in the village of Oshakan buried the Creator of Armenian alphabet St. Mesrop Mashtots. To pay homage to his grave come the Armenians from all over the world. On the territory of Aragatsotn is located Byurakan Observatory founded the world-famous scientist Viktor Hambardzumyan.
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