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Saturday, June 17, 2017

Historical development of Armenia

 Armenian history and historical periods of Armenia

History of Armenia

The history of Armenia is a unique world treasury full of chronicles of great civilizations, biographies of legendary people, dramatic moments connected with the sinks of the formation of Christianity. Many times Armenia suffered foreign invasions of the conquerors, more than once it seemed that the very name of Armenia was erased from the map. But the Armenian people survived, having defended their existence in the hardest struggle.

The thirty thousand square kilometers that the Republic of Armenia occupies today make up only a small part, less than a tenth, of that huge historical Armenia, whose chronicles have become a separate chapter in world history and culture.

The Armenian Highlands were the major trade and military routes of the Ancient World, connecting the East and the West. Such a favorable position of Armenia attracted numerous conquerors to it. Therefore, the borders of Ancient Armenia were subject to frequent changes, and the Armenians had to master all new lands. That is why the history of Armenia is rich and endless. But the most important events are the following ...

The oldest tribes in Armenia

The Blue Mosque, History of Armenia

Except for the fact that the ancient man appeared on the territory of Armenia even in the era of the Early Paleolithic, the first Proto-Armenian tribes (Urartians, Hurrites, Luvians, etc.) inhabiting the Armenian Highlands are already mentioned at the turn of the 4th - 3rd millennium BC. According to one hypothesis, these are the Thracian-Phrygian tribes, on the other - the ancient Indo-European tribes that came from Asia Minor. The name of the country "Arminia" and the people of "Armin" are found for the first time in the cuneiformes of the Persian king Darius I, who ruled in 522-486. BC..


In the early I millennium BC. There is a class society. The tribes of the Armenian Highlands are united in tribal unions (Uruatri, Nairi, Diani, etc.) on the basis of which in the XI century BC. The powerful ancient slave-owning state of Urartu with the capital Tushpa (Van) is formed. During this period there is an intensive ethnic unity of the tribes of the Armenian highlands and the Armenian nation is being formed.

During the IX-VI centuries BC. E. The peoples of the Urartian kingdom created a high ancient civilization that determined the cultural future of ancient Armenia. The heights of this civilization are evidenced not only by the existence of writing, the development of agriculture, cattle breeding and metallurgy, but also by the high technique of building fortress cities-Erebuni, Teishebaini, Argishtikhinili, etc.).

However, internal contradictions, the lack of unity, the invasion of the Assyrians led in the beginning of the VI century BC. To the fall of Urartu.

History of Armenia


After Urartu, the relay of history on this land was taken by the ancient Armenian

The kingdom of Ervanduni. The rulers and the population of Yervanduni were already representatives of the ancestors of modern Armenians, formed on the basis of the Armenian-speaking ethnic community.


In 520 BC. The Armenian kingdom was conquered by the Persians and remained part of the Achaemenid empire as a vassal state until the campaigns of Alexander the Great (330 BC)

Great Armenia

After the fall of the Persian empire, with the beginning of the Hellenistic era, which arose thanks to the conquest of Alexander the Great, a new era begins in the development of ancient Armenia. Read more...

The division of Armenia between Rome and the Persians and Armenia's acceptance of Christianity.

In the first four centuries of a new era, Armenia is gradually losing its independence. The rule in the Armenian kingdom is divided into two powerful empires - the Roman Empire and the Persian state of the Sassanids. Read more...

Splitting into principalities. The fall of the Sassanids.

During the 5th-6th centuries Armenia remained divided between the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantium) and the Persian power of the Sassanids. Read more.

The Arab Caliphate. The unification of Armenia under the house of Bagratid.

The devastating raids by the Arabs forced the former Persian Armenia to recognize the power of the Arab Caliphate. Read more... 

History of Armenia 

The Decline of Armenia. Invasion of Byzantium and the Seljuk Turks.

Since the middle of the XI century, the Bagratid kingdom and principalities had fallen into decay as a result of the onslaught of Byzantium, which was free to act after the weakening of the Caliphate and the onslaught of new enemies-the Seljuk Turks. Read more...

Cilician Armenia

The beginning of the Cilician kingdom is attributed to 1080, it was founded by the Rubenyan dynasty (Rubenides), leading from Prince Ruben ... Read more ...

The Armenian principality of the Zakarids in the Georgian kingdom.

While the Armenian kingdom moved closer in Europe to historical Armenian lands (the Caucasus part of Armenia), statehood began to revive. This happens in the XII century. Read far ...

Armenia under the oppression of the Ottoman Empire and Persia.

At the end of the 13th century, Osman-bey founded his state on the outskirts of Asia Minor. So the new great Ottoman Empire was born. By the end of the XIV century, they conquered Asia Minor and the Balkan Peninsula. Read more...
Assistance to Russia in the struggle for liberation.
At the end of XVII century, Armenian princes

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