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Sunday, January 8, 2017


The capital of Armenia Yerevan is one of the oldest cities in the world. Having been in Yerevan, you can see many interesting and amazing. In Yerevan's many museums, including the Historical Museum, the Art gallery of Armenia, contemporary art Museum, house museums Saryan, Parajanov, Tumanyan, spendiarova and others In Yerevan is the repository of ancient manuscripts - Matenadaran, which contains more than sixteen thousand manuscripts different size and age.
Beautiful and distinctive area of Yerevan, in particular, the area of the Republic. She built up a monumental, deeply national structures. Here are situated the government buildings, "Armenia" hotel, the building that houses the Art gallery, museums. On the wall of the Government House facing the square are the clock tower. The building has a national character. Columns and arches on the facades of buildings are richly decorated with fine carvings, in which the motives Armenian
ornamentation. All other buildings on the square subject to a common plan. Here is a fountain with disco lights. Of the square there is a small Boulevard, where in 1968 he was installed 2750 small fountains symbolizing the age of the city of Yerevan .

Be amazed by the beauty of the theater of Opera and Ballet. Spendiarov, Sports and concert complex, the youth Palace, the House of the chess Academy of Sciences, the Matenadaran, the University, numerous theatres, cinemas, hotels.
In Yerevan many statues and monuments. Places for them are chosen with great care, they blend perfectly with the surrounding landscape.
In the center of station square erected a monument to the hero of the Armenian folk epic of David of Sasun.
On the hill of the Park Tsitsernakaberd monument to the victims of the Armenian genocide of 1915. The monument consists of 12 arranged in a circle and bowed slightly to the center of the pylons. Next sorokametrovoy obelisk in the form of a pointed forked pyramid.
In the Park Haghtanak erected a monument to Mother Armenia, depicting a woman with a sword in his hand, symbolizing the image of the Motherland.
In different parts of the city are monuments and revolutionary personalities and outstanding figures of literature and art. On the Theatre square there are monuments to the poet Tumanyan and composer Spendiaryan, at the concert hall - the composer Aram Khachatryan, on the ring Boulevard are monuments to the poet Terlano, the classics of Armenian literature, the poet Avetik Isahakyan, the artist Aivazovsky, revolutionary Nalbandian and writer Alexander Griboyedov. On the opening day, where young artists exhibit their paintings, a monument to the great painter Saryan, carved from white marble and in front of the Conservatory - Komitas. In the Central part of the city a monument to the great architect - the architect Tamanyan, who is depicted bending over the drawing Board.
In Yerevan are several active churches. They are all built on the site of churches, previously destroyed by an earthquake in 1679. Among them, the Surb Sargis Church, Katoghike, Zoravar, St. Hovhannes and others.
In 2001, in Yerevan to the 1700th anniversary of adoption of Christianity in Armenia was erected a magnificent temple of Gregory the Illuminator.
A bit of history. Yerevan is one of the oldest cities in the world. He is a contemporary of Babylon and Rome. The year of Foundation of the city is 782 BC - then by the king Argishti founded the fortress of Erebuni.
But people lived here long before the founding of the city. In the city archaeologists discovered an ancient settlement of IV-III Millennium BC. The oldest of them - Shengavith.
In the following centuries, during the penetration of the Urartu people in the Ararat valley (VIII century BC), the territory of Yerevan begins to be built by the Urartian kings. Built Erebuni fortress and Teishebaini. In subsequent years, the Ararat valley, new city.
Yerevan, although it continues to play a significant role in the economic life of the country and in the transit trade, overshadowed. The fate of the city one gets hard. Initially, the city was captured by invading the territory of the Caucasus hordes of Timur(Tamerlane), he then became a bone of contention between Persia and Ottoman Turkey.
Yerevan was almost empty, looted. But the most terrible disaster was the earthquake of 1679, which destroyed the entire city. So sad was the fate of Yerevan and its residents.
This explains the fact that despite its ancient age, Yerevan, deprived of normal conditions of development, by the early nineteenth century was a uncomfortable town with a small population.
After the annexation of Eastern Armenia to Russia (1828) created favorable conditions for the economic development of Yerevan. It became the center of the Erivan governorate.
In 1856 he was drafted the first plan for the improvement of Yerevan. In the late nineteenth century appear the enterprise: wine and brandy factories Tairov, Africana, saradzheva, mechanical workshop Ter-Avetikova. New schools are opening, including male and female gymnasiums, teacher's Seminary, school of Commerce. At the end of 1920, Yerevan became the capital of Armenia. From this time began the rapid development of the city.
By the architect Tamanyan's city naciet to be built. Completely transformed its appearance. The architectural ensembles of the city, used items, used by the Armenian architects of the last centuries. The building was built mostly of pink tuff. Yerevan became one of the most beautiful and distinctive cities in the world.
Modern Yerevan is a large industrial - prmyshlenny city. Yerevan is also a major research center, the brain and the heart of Armenia. Here are Academy of Sciences, dozens of scientific research institutes, institutions of higher education.

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