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Sunday, January 8, 2017

The history of the city Yerevan

Yerevan - the thirteenth capital of the Armenian land, one of the oldest cities in the world.
The capital of Armenia located in the North-Eastern part of Ararat or Prioratskiy plains, which lie in the Central part of the Armenian highland.
Yerevan has ancient history.
The ancient settlement of Shengavit Yerevan are, Tsitsenakaberd, ARIN-Berd, Karmir blur, and the cave of Avan and Hrazdan gorges was inhabited since the dawn of man. During the excavations of the RPA in the Shengavit was found many objects related to the culture of the IV-II millennia BC: silver and gold jewelry, gold and bronze spearheads, bronze and stone tools, and in the territory of Tsitsernakaberd was found inside the tomb, ceramic and precious objects, the remains of cyclopean
walls, different varieties of wheat...
However, the real history of Yerevan begins with the Foundation of the famous fortress of Erebuni. In the history of Yerevan was critical events of the first Millennium before Christ, when in the South-East of the Armenian highland came into the heyday of one of the Armenian powerful States of its time – Urartu.

...When the last stone was laid in place, Argishti I son of Menua, king of Urartu, traveled around the fortress, admired the beauty of the subtle structures, the unwavering power of the formidable stronghold, and saw that she had done good. He called it the master-architect and told him to immortalize on a memorial plate his Royal act in the name of the country's power and fear of enemies. And under sharp cutter skilled craftsmen, one after another appeared cuneiform lines:

"By the greatness of Khaldi, Argishti, son of Menua, erected this formidable fortress has established a name Erebuni for the power of the country Biaini and to intimidate the enemy...
Argishti shows:
"the Land was a desert, a lot of changes I had to produce, by the greatness of Khaldi, Argishti, son of Menua, the mighty king, king of the country Biaini, owner of the city of Tushpa."
It was 2786 years ago. A more slab – like birth certificate became the Yerevan Kentron and as a business card, announced to the world about the birth of the city of Erebuni-Yerevan.
This historic plate and other cuneiform evidence has allowed scientists to pinpoint the date of birth of the city and prove that Yerevan, the capital of all Armenians, founded in 782 BC – 29 years before the Eternal city of Rome.
Erebuni-Yerevan is on the impregnable hill of ARIN-Berd, surrounded by a ten foot wall.
Erebuni-Yerevan has for many centuries played a significant role in the economic and socio-political life of Armenia, passed through it numerous caravan routes, it was a major center of trade.
Archaeological studies have shown that Erebuni was a big administrative center most powerful Urartian fortress in the Ararat valley. After the loss of its former value replaced by the fortress-city of Teishebaini, who was also in the territory of Yerevan – Karmir blur.
The invasions of conquerors in the VII-XI centuries - the Arabs and then the Seljuk Turks, successive periods of relative peace, caused serious damage to the development of the city, under the walls of which were resistant to a devastating battle.
Despite the fact that until the XV century Erebuni-Yerevan was not the capital, it is known as one of the strategic and cultural centers of Armenia generally, in the Ararat valley in particular.
For the first time as "the capital of Ararat Country", Yerevan is mentioned in Chronicles of XIV century, when it became the center of governorship. Yerevan again become the economic, political and cultural cradle of the land of Ayrarat.
But, unfortunately, Yerevan is not destined to develop it. Its history, as the history of the Armenian people, knows not a few tragic pages.
In the XV – XVIII centuries Yerevan suffered from robberies and robberies of the Turks of the Ottoman and Persian conquerors.
In 1554-Ohm 200-thousand Turkish army invaded and destroyed Yerevan. In 1582 was designed by the famous fortress of Yerevan for a long time scitalopram in the East impregnable.
Yerevan 14 times passed from hand to hand, and each time he suffered considerable destruction, but was the most devastating for Yerevan its capture by Shah Abbas I in 1604. In 1679 the earthquake was thoroughly destroyed much of the city.
Many black pages in its path of development Yerevan has seen. All conquerors of the homeland: Assyrians, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, Seljuks, Persians, Tatars, Mongols, Turks were krovoprolitiya war, destroyed, ravaged and plundered...
The Capture of Yerevan on 1 October 1827 Russian troops, other victories of Russia in the Caucasus forced Persia to sign the Treaty of Turkmenchay and forever to abandon the occupied territories, including Yerevan khanate. In the nineteenth century Yerevan was the time of rapid development.

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